Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(14):3197-3205. doi:10.7150/ijms.61944
p53-dependent apoptosis is essential for the antitumor effect of paclitaxel response to DNA damage in papillary thyroid carcinoma
1. Department of Thyroid Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
2. Laboratory of Thyroid and Parathyroid Disease, Frontiers Science Center for Disease-related Molecular Network, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
* Contributed equally
Wu W, Wei T, Li Z, Zhu J. p53-dependent apoptosis is essential for the antitumor effect of paclitaxel response to DNA damage in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(14):3197-3205. doi:10.7150/ijms.61944. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v18p3197.htm
A functional p53 protein plays an important role in killing tumor cells. Previous studies showed that chemotherapeutic drug, paclitaxel (PTX), showed anti-tumor activity through inducing G2/M arrest and apoptosis by targeting microtubules in tumor cells. However, PTX was not sensitive to p53-inactivated papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cells by inducing G2/M arrest only. Recombinant adenovirus-p53 (rAd-p53) was used to increase the level of p53, which significantly increased the sensitivity of PTC cells to PTX by inducing S arrest, G2/M arrest and apoptosis. To discuss the anti-tumor mechanism of rAd-p53 + PTX and found p53 activation was necessary for anti-tumor effect of PTX in PTC cells. There was high level of p53 in rAd-p53-treated PTC cells. rAd-p53 + PTX increased the level of p21, p-ATM and γ-H2AX and decreased the level of Cyclin D1/E1, suggesting p53 activated p21 which negatively regulated cyclins to induce S arrest response to DNA damage in PTC cells. rAd-p53 + PTX increased the levels of cleaved-PARP-1, cleaved -Caspase 3, and BAX and decreased the level of BCL-XL, suggesting p53 regulates the expression of BAX/BCL-XL to mediate DNA damage-induced apoptosis in PTC cells. Furthermore, rAd-p53 + PTX showed significant tumor inhibition in TPC-1 xenograft model, with an inhibitory rate of 79.39%. TUNEL assay showed rAd-p53 + PTX induced notable apoptosis in tumor tissues. rAd-p53 showed good sensitization of PTX in vitro and in vivo through inducing DNA damage induced-apoptosis indicated p53-dependent apoptosis was essential for the antitumor effect of PTX in PTC.
Keywords: PTC, PTX, p53, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis