Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(13):2990-2996. doi:10.7150/ijms.53812 This issue

Research Paper

Determination of Bioelectrical Impedance Thresholds for Early Detection of Breast Cancer-related Lymphedema

Siyao Liu, Quanping Zhao, Xinmei Ren, Ying Cui, Houpu Yang, Siyuan Wang, Miao Liu, Shu Wang

Breast Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

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Citation:
Liu S, Zhao Q, Ren X, Cui Y, Yang H, Wang S, Liu M, Wang S. Determination of Bioelectrical Impedance Thresholds for Early Detection of Breast Cancer-related Lymphedema. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(13):2990-2996. doi:10.7150/ijms.53812. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v18p2990.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Background: Bioelectrical impedance technology is a common technique used for the early detection of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). However, studies on the threshold value established by Inbody 720 device (Biospace, Korea) have been extremely limited. We aimed to determine its reference range and cutoff values.

Methods: All patients were recruited from October 2017 to October 2019 at the Peking University People's Hospital Breast Center. In total, 82 patients with unilateral BCRL and 1305 healthy subjects were recruited in this study. We measured the extracellular fluid (ECF) ratio, extracellular water (ECW) ratio, as well as the single-frequency bioimpedance analysis (SFBIA) ratios at 1 and 5 kHz with the Inbody 720 device. The Youden index-based cutoff points, mean + 2SD and mean + 3SD values of these four indicators for both dominant and nondominant arms were also calculated.

Results: Data were collected from 1387 women, including healthy subjects and patients with lymphedema. All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS. Significant differences were found between the two groups in the ECW, ECF, and SFBIA ratios. For the dominant affected arms, the Youden index-based cutoff points for the ECF, ECW, as well as SFBIA ratios at 1 and 5 kHz were 1.009, 1.008, 1.068, and 1.068, respectively. For the nondominant affected arms, the Youden index-based cutoff points were 1.014, 1.013, 1.047, and 1.048, respectively. The mean + 2 standard deviations (SD) and mean + 3SD values were also calculated.

Conclusions: We determined the Youden index-based cutoff points, mean + 2SD and mean + 3SD values of the ECF, ECW, as well as SFBIA ratios at 1 and 5 kHz for both dominant and nondominant arms with data from 1305 healthy subjects. Next, the Youden index-based cutoff points, the mean + 2SD and mean + 3SD values were used to recognize patients with lymphedema. We found that the Youden index-based cutoff points and the mean + 2SD showed similar identification capacity on lymphedema, and they seemed to distinguish more patients with lymphedema than mean + 3SD values.

Keywords: lymphedema, breast cancer, bioelectrical impedance