Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(13):2871-2889. doi:10.7150/ijms.58191

Review

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Chronic Airway Diseases: Focus on Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Yinhe Feng1,2*, Yubin Wang1*, Chunfang Zeng2, Hui Mao1✉

1. Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
2. Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, People's Hospital of Deyang City, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu College of Medicine, Deyang, Sichuan Province, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Feng Y, Wang Y, Zeng C, Mao H. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Chronic Airway Diseases: Focus on Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(13):2871-2889. doi:10.7150/ijms.58191. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v18p2871.htm

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Abstract

Chronic airway diseases are characterized by airway inflammation, obstruction, and remodeling and show high prevalence, especially in developing countries. Among them, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) show the highest morbidity and socioeconomic burden worldwide. Although there are extensive guidelines for the prevention, early diagnosis, and rational treatment of these lifelong diseases, their value in precision medicine is very limited. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) techniques have emerged as effective methods for mining and integrating large-scale, heterogeneous medical data for clinical practice, and several AI and ML methods have recently been applied to asthma and COPD. However, very few methods have significantly contributed to clinical practice. Here, we review four aspects of AI and ML implementation in asthma and COPD to summarize existing knowledge and indicate future steps required for the safe and effective application of AI and ML tools by clinicians.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, machine learning, chronic airway diseases, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease