Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(5):641-646. doi:10.7150/ijms.5649
Clinical and Virological Characteristics of Chronic Hepatitis B Patients with Hepatic Steatosis
Research and Therapy Center for Liver Disease, the Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University, Zhangzhou 363000, Fujian, China.
Zheng Rd, Chen Jn, Zhuang Qy, Lu Yh, Chen J, Chen Bf. Clinical and Virological Characteristics of Chronic Hepatitis B Patients with Hepatic Steatosis. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(5):641-646. doi:10.7150/ijms.5649. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0641.htm
Objective: This study aimed to explore clinical and virological characteristics of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with hepatic steatosis in order to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of hepatic steatosis.
Methods: A total of 360 CHB inpatients were recruited from Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University and divided into hepatic steatosis group and non- hepatic steatosis group. The body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) and hepatic histological changes were detected and compared between the two groups. The association of these factors with hepatic steatosis was evaluated in CHB patients.
Results: BMI, FPG, TG, TC, GGT, AST and HBV DNA showed statistically significant differences between two groups (P<0.01). The patients with hepatic steatosis had markedly higher BMI, FBG, TG and TC than those without steatosis did. No significant differences were found in ALT and HBeAg between two groups (P>0.05). In male patients, there was marked difference in the WHR between two groups (P < 0.01), which was not found in female patients (P > 0.05). The severity of hepatic steatosis increased in patients with hepatic steatosis, compared to those without steatosis (P < 0. 01), but the severities of inflammation and fibrosis in the non-hepatic steatosis group were dramatically higher than those in the hepatic steatosis group (P < 0. 01).
Conclusions: BMI, WHR, FBG, TG and TC appeared to be influencing factors of CHB combined with hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis in CHB patients was closely related to changes in anthropometric indices and metabolic factors but not HBV. It is necessary to improve these factors to effectively prevent hepatic steatosis in CHB patients.
Keywords: Chronic hepatitis B, Hepatic steatosis, anthropometric index, Metabolic factor.