Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(7):1032-1041. doi:10.7150/ijms.34365

Research Paper

Anti-Tumor Activity and Pharmacokinetics of AP25-Fc Fusion Protein

Dening Pei1,2,#, Jialiang Hu3,#, Chunming Rao2, Pengcheng Yu3, Hanmei Xu3,✉, Junzhi Wang1,2,✉

1. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China
2. Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Health for Research on Quality and Standardization of Biotech Products, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, China
3. The Engineering Research Center of Peptide Drug Discovery and Development, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, China
#These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

AP25 is an anti-tumor peptide with a high affinity for integrins. It exerts its anti-tumor activity by inhibiting angiogenesis and by directly inhibiting the growth of tumor cells. Its half-life time in vivo is only about 50 minutes, which limits its clinical application. In order to prolong the half-life time of AP25 while preserving its anti-tumor activity, several fusion proteins of AP25 and IgG4 Fc were designed and expressed; their anti-tumor activity and pharmacokinetics properties were evaluated. Firstly, four AP25-Fc fusion protein sequences were designed, and the corresponding proteins were expressed and purified. Based on the results of HUVEC migration inhibition assay, HUVEC and tumor cell proliferation inhibition assay and yields of expression by HEK293 cells, the fusion protein designated PSG4R was selected for further evaluation. The anti-tumor effect of PSG4R was then evaluated in vivo on HCT-116 nude mice xenograft model. And the pharmacokinetics properties of PSG4R were investigated in rats. The results showed that PSG4R could inhibit the growth of xenografts of human colon cancer cell line HCT-116 in nude mice by intravenous administration of 40 mg/kg once every two days. The half-life time of PSG4R was 56.270 ± 15.398 h. This study showed that the construction of AP25-Fc fusion protein could significantly prolong the half-life of AP25 while retaining its anti-tumor activity, which provides a new direction for new drug development of AP25.

Keywords: AP25-Fc, fusion protein, anti-angiogenesis, anti-tumor, half-life

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How to cite this article:
Pei D, Hu J, Rao C, Yu P, Xu H, Wang J. Anti-Tumor Activity and Pharmacokinetics of AP25-Fc Fusion Protein. Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(7):1032-1041. doi:10.7150/ijms.34365. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v16p1032.htm