International Journal of Medical Sciences

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20 April 2019

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Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(8):758-764. doi:10.7150/ijms.24834

Research Paper

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Sinomenium Acutum Extract On Endotoxin-induced Uveitis in Lewis Rats

Tae Wan Kim1,2, Jeong Mo Han2, Young Keun Han1✉, Hokyung Chung1

1. Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
2. Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


Purpose: Recent studies have reported the anti-inflammatory effect of Sinomenium acutum. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of sinomenine on endotoxin-induced uveitis in a rat model.

Methods: Endotoxin-induced uveitis was induced in rat by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) immunization. Sinomenine (50mg/kg and 100mg/kg) was administered at 30 minutes before, 6 hours and 12 hours after LPS immunization. Clinical and histological severity was evaluated. Protein concentration and levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and prostaglandin (PG)-E2 in aqueous humor were measured. Expression of activated Nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 in ciliary body was also observed.

Results: Clinical and histological severities were significantly milder in sinomenine-treated rat than in controls (P < 0.001). Sinomenine suppressed protein leakage and down-regulated the production of TNF-α and PG-E2 in a dose-dependent manner. Sinomenine treatment suppressed the translocation of the NF-κB p65 subunit into the nuclei.

Conclusion: Systemic administration of sinomenine suppressed the inflammation of ocular tissues. These findings suggest that sinomenine could be a novel therapeutic agent for the control of endogenous ocular inflammatory disease.

Keywords: endotoxin-induced uveitis, NF-κB, PG-E2, Sinomenium acutum, TNF-α

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license ( See for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Kim TW, Han JM, Han YK, Chung H. Anti-inflammatory Effects of Sinomenium Acutum Extract On Endotoxin-induced Uveitis in Lewis Rats. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(8):758-764. doi:10.7150/ijms.24834. Available from