18 October 2017
Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(10):977-983. doi:10.7150/ijms.20212
IL-12 Influence mTOR to Modulate CD8+ T Cells Differentiation through T-bet and Eomesodermin in Response to Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
1. Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China;
Objective: To investigate whether mTOR signaling pathway regulate the proliferation and differentiation of CD8+ T cells by transcription factors T-bet and Eomes, and explore the role of IL-12 in this biological procedure.
Methods: Aspergillus fumigatus spore suspension nasal inhalation was used to establish the invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) mouse model. After inoculation, rapamycin (2mg/kg) each day or IL-12 (5ug/kg) every other day was given for 7 days. The blood samples were obtained before the mice sacrificed and lung specimens were taken. Pathological sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE). The number of CD8+effective memory T cells (Tem) and the expression of IFN-γ, mTOR, ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K), T-bet and EOMES were measured by flow cytometry. The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and Galactomannan (GM) were determined by ELISA.
Results: After IL-12 treatment, the number of CD8+ Tem and the expression of IFN-γ increased significantly; while quite the opposite results were observed when the mTOR pathway was blocked by rapamycin. The expression of mTOR and S6K as well as the level of IFN-γ of the IL-12 treatment group were significantly higher than those in IPA and IPA + rapamycin groups. In addition, IL-12 promoted increasing T-bet and down regulating Eomes to make the Tem transformation. The final immune effector was high level of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6) and low level of anti-inflammatory factors (IL-10) and this strengthened immune response to the Aspergillus infection.
Conclusions: The biological effects of Tem could significantly affect IPA infection host immune regulation, which depended on the activation of mTOR signaling pathway by IL-12.
Keywords: IL-12, Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), CD8+effect memory T cells (Tem), Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis (IPA).
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Wang H, Li J, Han Q, Yang F, Xiao Y, Xiao M, Xu Y, Su L, Cui N, Liu D. IL-12 Influence mTOR to Modulate CD8+ T Cells Differentiation through T-bet and Eomesodermin in Response to Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis. Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(10):977-983. doi:10.7150/ijms.20212. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v14p0977.htm