21 March 2018
Int J Med Sci 2016; 13(11):868-874. doi:10.7150/ijms.16845
Amplification and overexpression of CTTN and CCND1 at chromosome 11q13 in Esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) of North Eastern Chinese Population
1. Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a genetically complex tumor type and is a major cause of cancer-related mortality. The combination of genetics, diet, behavior, and environment plays an important role in the carcinogenesis of ESCC. To characterize the genomic aberrations of this disease, we investigated the genomic imbalances in 19 primary ESCC cases using high-resolution array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). All cases showed either loss or gain of whole chromosomes or segments of chromosome(s) with variable genomic sizes. The copy number alterations per case affected the median 34% (~ 1,034Mb/3,000Mb) of the whole genome. Recurrent gains were 1q21.3-qter, 3q13.11-qter, 5pter-p11, 7pter-p15.3, 7p12.1-p11.2, 7q11-q11.2, 8p12-qter, 11q13.2-q13.3, 12pter-p13.31, 17q24.2, 20q11.21-qter, and 22q11.21-q11.22 whereas the recurrent losses were 3pter-p11.1, 4pter-p12, 4q28.3-q31.22, 4q31.3-q32.1, 9pter-p12, 11q22.3-qter and 13q12.11-q22.1. Amplification of 11q13 resulting in overexpression of CTTN/CCND1 was the most prominent finding, which was observed in 13 of 19 ESCC cases. These unique profiles of copy number alteration should be validated by further studies and need to be taken into consideration when developing biomarkers for early detection of ESCC.
Keywords: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, Array CGH, CTTN, CCND1
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Hu X, Moon JW, Li S, Xu W, Wang X, Liu Y, Lee JY. Amplification and overexpression of CTTN and CCND1 at chromosome 11q13 in Esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) of North Eastern Chinese Population. Int J Med Sci 2016; 13(11):868-874. doi:10.7150/ijms.16845. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v13p0868.htm