23 January 2019
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Int J Med Sci 2015; 12(2):126-134. doi:10.7150/ijms.9951
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Ag85 Genes of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex: Analysis of 178 Clinical Isolates from China and 13 BCG strains
1. State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, P. R. China
Host immune pressure and associated immune evasion of pathogenic bacteria are key features of host-pathogen co-evolution. Human T-cell epitopes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) were evolutionarily hyperconserved and thus it was deduced that M. tuberculosis lacks antigenic variation and immune evasion. However, in our previous studies, proteins MPT64, PstS1, Rv0309 and Rv2945c all harbored higher numbers of amino acid substitutions in their T cell epitopes, which suggests their roles in ongoing immune evasion. Here, we used the same set of 180 clinical M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates from China, amplified the genes encoding Ag85 complex, and compared the sequences. The results showed that Ag85 were hyperconserved in T/B cell epitopes and the genes were more likely to be under purifying selection. The divergence of host immune selection on different proteins may result from different function of the proteins. In addition, A312G of Ag85A and T418C of Ag85B may represent special mutations in BCG strains, which may be used to differentiate M.bovis and BCG strains from MTB strains. Also, C714A in Ag85B seems to be a valuable phylogenetic marker for Beijing strains.
Keywords: Genetic diversity, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Ag85
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How to cite this article:
Jiang Y, Liu H, Li M, Li G, Pang H, Dou X, Zhao X, Wan K. Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Ag85 Genes of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex: Analysis of 178 Clinical Isolates from China and 13 BCG strains. Int J Med Sci 2015; 12(2):126-134. doi:10.7150/ijms.9951. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v12p0126.htm