International Journal of Medical Sciences

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18 December 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2014; 11(6):587-592. doi:10.7150/ijms.8025

Research Paper

Late-onset Depression in the Absence of Stroke: Associated with Silent Brain Infarctions, Microbleeds and Lesion Locations

Ri-Han Wu1*, Chao Feng1, 2*, Yu Xu3, Ting Hua3, Xue-Yuan Liu1✉, Min Fang1✉

1. Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China;
2. Yiwu Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang, China;
3. Department of Radiology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
* contributed equally to this paper.

Abstract

Background: Late-onset depression (LOD) is a frequent mood disorder among elderly. Previous studies have proved that LOD is associated with cerebral silent lesions especially white matter lesions (WML) and yielded the “vascular depression” hypothesis to explain the pathogenesis of LOD. However, there were relatively few studies about the association between silent brain infarctions (SBIs), microbleeds (MBs) and the prevalence of LOD. In this study we sought to evaluate the presence, accumulation and locations of SBIs and MBs, and explore the possible association between them and LOD.

Methods: 65 patients of LOD diagnosed according to DSM-IV and 270 subjects of control group were enrolled and scanned by MRI to analyze the presence, numbers and locations of SBIs and MBs. Clinical and radiological characteristics were compared between LOD patients and control group. Logistic regression models were constructed to identify the independent risk factors for LOD.

Results: LOD patients had higher prevalence and numbers of both SBIs and MBs. SBIs and MBs in the left hemisphere, SBIs in basal ganglia and lobar MBs were all independent risk factors for LOD.

Conclusion: The presence of both SBIs and MBs were associated with a higher rate LOD. Lesions in some specific locations might be critical for the presence of LOD.

Keywords: Late-onset depression, stroke, silent brain infarctions, microbleeds.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Wu RH, Feng C, Xu Y, Hua T, Liu XY, Fang M. Late-onset Depression in the Absence of Stroke: Associated with Silent Brain Infarctions, Microbleeds and Lesion Locations. Int J Med Sci 2014; 11(6):587-592. doi:10.7150/ijms.8025. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v11p0587.htm