International Journal of Medical Sciences

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19 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(6):699-706. doi:10.7150/ijms.5664

Research Paper

Wnt5a Inhibits the Proliferation and Melanogenesis of Melanocytes

Jie Zhang1,2, Yan Li2, Yun Wu2, Tian Yang1, Ke Yang1, Ruimin Wang3, Jin Yang1, Haiying Guo1,✉

1. Department of Cell Biology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China;
2. The Third Military Medical University group 5, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China;
3. Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Abstract

Wnt5a, which is a noncanonical Wnt molecule, has been shown to be involved in a variety of developmental processes and cellular functions. In this study, we used “melan-a” cells as a cell model to investigate the effects of Wnt5a on melanocyte proliferation and melanogenesis, and to elucidate the possible mechanisms involved. We infected melan-a cells with recombinant Wnt5a adenoviruses to express Wnt5a protein and to simulate the Wnt5a processing environment. MTT assay and BrdU incorporation assay revealed that Wnt5a significantly inhibited the proliferation of melan-a cells. Melanin content and tyrosinase activity assays showed that Wnt5a was an inhibitor of melanin synthesis. Furthermore, RT-PCR and Western blot showed that this suppressive effect depended on noncanonical Wnt/Ror2 pathway activation and accessed the inhibition of the canonical Wnt pathway. The above results provided a novel insight into the role of Wnt5a and its related signaling in melanocyte homeostasis.

Keywords: Wnt5a, melanocyte, proliferation, melanogenesis, Wnt/Ror2 pathway.

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How to cite this article:
Zhang J, Li Y, Wu Y, Yang T, Yang K, Wang R, Yang J, Guo H. Wnt5a Inhibits the Proliferation and Melanogenesis of Melanocytes. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(6):699-706. doi:10.7150/ijms.5664. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0699.htm