International Journal of Medical Sciences
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5 September 2015

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(4):467-474. doi:10.7150/ijms.5607

Research Paper

Novel Powdered Anti-adhesion Material: Preventing Postoperative Intra-abdominal Adhesions in a Rat Model

Katsunori Takagi1, Masato Araki1, Hidetoshi Fukuoka1, Hiroaki Takeshita1, Shigekazu Hidaka1, Atsushi Nanashima1, Terumitsu Sawai1, Takeshi Nagayasu1, Suong-Hyu Hyon2, Naoki Nakajima2 ✉

1. Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan;
2. Department of Medical Simulation Engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

Background: Although laparoscopic surgery has decreased postoperative adhesions, complications induced by adhesions are still of great concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-adhesive effects of a novel powdered anti-adhesion material that can be applied during laparoscopic surgery in comparison with other anti-adhesion materials. Methods: Our novel powdered anti-adhesion material is composed of aldehyde dextran and ε-poly(L-lysine). In 40 male rats, a 2.5×2.0-cm abdominal wall resection and cecum abrasion were performed. The rats were randomized into four groups based on the anti-adhesion treatments: normal saline; Seprafilm®; Interceed®; and novel powdered anti-adhesion material. The animals were euthanized on days 7 and 28 to evaluate the adhesion severity, area of adhesion formation, gross appearance, and pathological changes. Results: The adhesion severities on both days 7 and 28 were significantly lower for all anti-adhesion material groups compared with the normal saline group (p<0.05). Pathologically, all groups showed inflammatory cell infiltration on day 7 and complete regeneration of the peritoneum on day 28. Conclusions: Our novel powdered anti-adhesion material was found to be effective for reducing postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions and showed equivalent efficacy to commercial anti-adhesion materials.

Keywords: adhesion prevention, biodegradable material, powder, anti-adhesion materials, rat model.

How to cite this article:
Takagi K, Araki M, Fukuoka H, Takeshita H, Hidaka S, Nanashima A, Sawai T, Nagayasu T, Hyon SH, Nakajima N. Novel Powdered Anti-adhesion Material: Preventing Postoperative Intra-abdominal Adhesions in a Rat Model. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(4):467-474. doi:10.7150/ijms.5607. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0467.htm