International Journal of Medical Sciences

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22 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):307-311. doi:10.7150/ijms.5161

Research Paper

Ten-week Whole-body Vibration Training Improves Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Obese Women

Chiara Milanese1, Francesco Piscitelli1, Maria Grazia Zenti2, Paolo Moghetti2, Marco Sandri1, Carlo Zancanaro1✉

1. Laboratory of Anthropometry and Body Composition, Anatomy and Histology Section, Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological, and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Italy;
2. Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases Clinics, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.

Abstract

This work explored the short-term effect of whole body vibration (WBV) training on anthropometry, body composition and muscular strength in obese women. Fifty obese women (age=46.8±7.81[SD]y; BMI=35.1±3.55kg/m2) were assigned to a ten-week WBV training period, two times a week (in each session, 14min vibration training, 5min rest; vibration amplitude 2.0-5.0mm, frequency 40-60Hz), with (n=18) or without (n=17) radiofrequency, or to a non-exercise control group (n=15). Subjects were instructed not to change their habitual lifestyle. Before and after the ten-week experimental period, anthropometric measurements, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and the leg press, leg curl and leg extension strength tests were carried out. All changes in the two groups of WBV training, with or without radiofrequency, were similar and these groups were combined in a single WBV intervention group. As compared to controls, subjects submitted to WBV training had significantly lower BMI, total body and trunk fat, sum of skinfolds and body circumferences. On the other hand, lower limb strength tests were increased in the WBV group. These preliminary results suggest that WBV training may improve body composition and muscular strength in obese women and may be a useful adjuvant to lifestyle prescriptions.

Keywords: physical exercise, DXA, anthropometry.

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How to cite this article:
Milanese C, Piscitelli F, Zenti MG, Moghetti P, Sandri M, Zancanaro C. Ten-week Whole-body Vibration Training Improves Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Obese Women. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):307-311. doi:10.7150/ijms.5161. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0307.htm