1. Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China
2. State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics of Cardiovascular Diseases, Diagnostic Laboratory Service, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
3. Department of Anaesthesiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
# These authors contributed to this work equally.
Neurologic abnormalities occurring after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) remain a significant concern. However, molecular mechanisms leading to DHCA-related cerebral injury are still ill-defined. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of covalently closed non-coding RNAs and can play important roles in different types of cerebral injury. This study aimed to investigate circRNAs expression profiles in rat hippocampus after DHCA and explore the potential functions of circRNAs in DHCA-related cerebral injury. Hence, the DHCA procedure in rats was established and a transcriptomic profiling of circRNAs in rat hippocampus was done. As a result, a total of 35192 circRNAs were identified. Among them, 339 circRNAs were dysregulated, including 194 down-regulated and 145 up-regulated between DHCA and sham group. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses were performed based on the host genes of all dysregulated circRNAs. Also, 4 circRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR (rno_circ_0028462, rno_circ_0037165, rno_circ_0045161 and rno_circ_0019047). Then a circRNA-microRNA (miRNA) interaction network involving 4 candidate circRNAs was constructed. Furthermore, functional enrichment analysis of the miRNA-targeting mRNAs of every candidate circRNA was conducted to gain insight into each of the 4 circRNAs. Our study provided a better understanding of circRNAs in the mechanisms of DHCA-related cerebral injury and some potential targets for neuroprotection.
Keywords: Circular RNAs, Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, Cerebral injury, Rat, Hippocampus