Int J Med Sci 2022; 19(7):1147-1154. doi:10.7150/ijms.73225 This issue

Research Paper

Risk Factors for Postoperative Hypothermia in Patients Undergoing Robot-Assisted Gynecological Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Sung-Ae Cho1*, Seok-Jin Lee1*, Sieun Yoon2, Tae-Yun Sung1✉

1. Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konyang University Hospital, Myunggok Medical Research Center, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
2. Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain medicine, Konyang University Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
*These authors contributed equally as the first authors of this manuscript.

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Citation:
Cho SA, Lee SJ, Yoon S, Sung TY. Risk Factors for Postoperative Hypothermia in Patients Undergoing Robot-Assisted Gynecological Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Int J Med Sci 2022; 19(7):1147-1154. doi:10.7150/ijms.73225. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v19p1147.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Since postoperative hypothermia increases the morbidity and mortality rates of surgery, identifying its risk factors is an important part of perioperative management. Considering the increasing demand for robot-assisted surgery and other characteristics of conventional laparoscopic surgery, identifying the risk factors for hypothermia in robot-assisted surgery is necessary. However, this has not yet been clearly established. This study aimed to identify the risk factors and incidence rate of postoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing robot-assisted gynecological surgery. In total, 516 patients aged ≥ 19 years undergoing robot-assisted gynecological surgery at a single university hospital between January 2018 and November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Postoperative hypothermia was defined as 36.0°C or lower body temperature at the end of the surgery, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for postoperative hypothermia. Among the 516 patients, the incidence rate of postoperative hypothermia was 28.1% in 145 patients. The independent risk factors for postoperative hypothermia included body mass index ≤ 22.9 kg/m2, baseline heart rate ≤ 73 rate/min, baseline body temperature ≤ 36.8°C, use of intraoperative nicardipine, and amount of administered intravenous fluid larger than 800 mL. Therefore, to prevent hypothermia in patients undergoing robot-assisted gynecological surgery, these risk factors must be considered.

Keywords: Hypothermia, Robotic-Assisted Surgery, Gynecological Surgery, Incidence, Risk Factors