Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(2):372-377. doi:10.7150/ijms.50967

Research Paper

Impact of Footwear and Foot Deformities in patients with Parkinson's disease: A Case-Series Study

Eloy Novo-Trillo1, Daniel López-López1, Carmen de Labra2✉, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias3, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo4, César Calvo-Lobo4, Carlos Romero-Morales5, Marta San-Antolín-Gil6

1. Research, Health and Podiatry Group. Department of Health Sciences. Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry. Universidade da Coruña, Ferrol, Spain.
2. NEUROcom, School of Health Sciences University of A Coruna, and Agrupación estratégica CICA-INIBIC - UdC, A Coruna, Spain.
3. Faculty of Health Sciences. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain.
4. Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
5. Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain.
6. Department of Psychology, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain.

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Citation:
Novo-Trillo E, López-López D, de Labra C, Losa-Iglesias ME, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo R, Calvo-Lobo C, Romero-Morales C, San-Antolín-Gil M. Impact of Footwear and Foot Deformities in patients with Parkinson's disease: A Case-Series Study. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(2):372-377. doi:10.7150/ijms.50967. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v18p0372.htm

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Abstract

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common and complex neurological problem. Gait abnormalities are frequent in PD patients, and this increases the risk of falls. However, little is known about foot deformities and footwear in this vulnerable population. Here we investigate whether patients with PD use an appropriate shoe size and know if they have foot deformities or alterations.

Methodology: A study of a series of observational descriptive cases in a convenience sample (n = 53 patients) diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. One trained investigator evaluated foot and ankle health. The footwear and foot measurements were obtained using a Brannock device.

Results: The podiatric examination and footwear examination detected a high presence of podiatric pathologies and inappropriate footwear. This has a negative impact on the quality of life of these patients.

Conclusions: This research detected an elevated number of people with foot deformities or alterations. Moreover, a high proportion of participants with PD wear inadequate footwear (in length, width, or both).

Keywords: Parkinson's disease, footwear, foot deformities