Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(18):3082-3090. doi:10.7150/ijms.47343

Research Paper

Changes of knowledge and practical skills before and after retraining for basic life support: Focused on students of Dental School

Seo-Yoon Kim1, Dongmin Shin2, Hyun Jeong Kim3✉, Myong-Hwan Karm4✉

1. Department of Dental Anesthesiology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2. Department of Emergency Medical Service, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
3. Department of Dental Anesthesiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4. Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Seoul National University Dental Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

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Citation:
Kim SY, Shin D, Kim HJ, Karm MH. Changes of knowledge and practical skills before and after retraining for basic life support: Focused on students of Dental School. Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(18):3082-3090. doi:10.7150/ijms.47343. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v17p3082.htm

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Abstract

Background: Considering the increasing possibility of emergency situations in dental clinics over time, we conducted this study to evaluate the changes in the knowledge and practical skills of students of dental school before and after retraining for 2 years after the initial education on basic life support (BLS) of the American Heart Association (AHA).

Methods: All third-year students of dental school who had received the same education on BLS provider training of the AHA 2 years earlier were included in this study. Among them, 98 students were asked to answer a questionnaire about BLS knowledge and conduct a practical skills assessment of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation using Little Anne QCPR before and after retraining.

Results: After retraining, the level of BLS knowledge increased in all 7 categories, and BLS performance increased in all 19 subcategories. Comparison of the QCPR numerical data items before and after retraining showed that all items after retraining met the criteria recommended by the AHA.

Conclusion: Students of dental school had low levels of knowledge and practical skills of BLS before retraining after 2 years from the initial education and had high levels after retraining. Therefore, BLS training must be updated periodically, and more effective education methods are required to maintain BLS knowledge and practical skills.

Keywords: American Heart Association, basic life support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dentistry, retraining, students