Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(18):2905-2916. doi:10.7150/ijms.51260 This issue

Research Paper

Tripartite-motif family genes associated with cancer stem cells affect tumor progression and can assist in the clinical prognosis of kidney renal clear cell carcinoma

Guangzhen Wu1,#, Yingkun Xu2,#, Lin Li3, Jianyi Li2, Ningke Ruan4, Jian Dong5, Zhuyuan Si6, Qinghua Xia2,7,✉, Qifei Wang1,✉

1. Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, 116011, China
2. Department of Urology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China
3. Department of Orthopedics, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China
4. The Nursing College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, China
5. Department of Sports Medicine and Adult Reconstructive Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210008, China
6. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China
7. Department of Urology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China
#First authors: Guangzhen Wu and Yingkun Xu contributed equally to this study.

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Citation:
Wu G, Xu Y, Li L, Li J, Ruan N, Dong J, Si Z, Xia Q, Wang Q. Tripartite-motif family genes associated with cancer stem cells affect tumor progression and can assist in the clinical prognosis of kidney renal clear cell carcinoma. Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(18):2905-2916. doi:10.7150/ijms.51260. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v17p2905.htm

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Abstract

Ubiquitination is presently a hot topic in the field of oncology. The tripartite-motif (TRIM) family of proteins represents one of the largest classes of putative single protein RING-finger E3 ubiquitin ligases, which play an essential role in the ubiquitination of proteins in the body. At the same time, research related to cancer stem cells (CSCs) is increasing in popularity in the field of oncology. CSCs are potentially chemically resistant and can be selectively enriched in patients receiving chemotherapy, ultimately leading to adverse outcomes, such as treatment failure and cancer recurrence. There is a close relationship between multiple TRIM family genes and CSCs. Accumulating evidence suggests that TRIM family proteins are expressed in diverse human cancers and act as regulators of oncoproteins or tumor suppressor proteins. In this study, we used biological information to explore the potential function of TRIM family genes related to CSCs in the development of pan-cancer. Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is one of the deadliest malignant tumors in the world. Owing to its complex molecular and cellular heterogeneity, the effectiveness of existing KIRC-related risk prediction models is not satisfactory at present. Therefore, we focused on the potential role of these TRIM family genes in KIRC and used seven TRIM family genes to establish a prognostic risk model. This model includes TRIM16, TRIM32, TRIM24, TRIM8, TRIM27, PML, and TRIM11. In conclusion, this study provides further insight into the prognosis of KIRC, which may guide treatment.

Keywords: TRIM, kidney renal clear cell carcinoma, TCGA, cancer stem cells, survival