University Medical Center Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.
Background: Data on acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after cardiac arrest are scarce. The prevalence of AKI, as classified by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria; and its possible association with 30-day mortality were assessed.
Methods: Data on 6387 patients with MI, 342 (5.3%) with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or arrest immediately after admission before PCI, were retrospectively analyzed. The AKI and no-AKI groups were compared. The 30-day mortality was determined.
Results: Ninety-three (27.2%) patients suffered AKI. AKI KDIGO stages 1, 2 and 3 occurred in 45 (13.2%), 8 (2.3%) and 40 (11.7%) patients, respectively. Higher mortality was found in AKI patients [56 (60.2%) vs. no-AKI patients 32 (12.9%); p<0.0001]. More patients died in the higher AKI KDIGO stages. In AKI KDIGO stages 1/2 and stage 3, 20 (37.7%) patients and 36 (90.0%) patients died, respectively compared to 32 (12.9%) no-AKI patients; p<0.0001.
AKI was the strongest predictor of 30-day mortality (adjusted OR 6.98; 95% CI 3.42 to 14.23; p<0.0001). Other predictors were bleeding, cardiogenic shock, contrast volume-to-glomerular filtration rate ratio, and female sex. The adjusted OR for AKI KDIGO stages 1/2 and stage 3 were 3.68; 95% CI 1.53 to 8.32; p=0.002 and 29.10; 95% CI 8.31 to 101.88; p<0.0001, respectively.
Conclusion: In patients resuscitated after MI undergoing PCI, AKI had a deleterious impact on the prognosis. A graded increase in the severity of AKI according to the KDIGO definition was associated with a progressively increased risk of 30-day mortality.
Keywords: acute kidney injury, cardiac arrest, resuscitation, myocardial infarction, outcome, percutaneous coronary intervention