Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(11):1510-1516. doi:10.7150/ijms.33979

Research Paper

SiRNA-Mediated RRM2 Gene Silencing Combined with Cisplatin in the Treatment of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer In Vivo: An Experimental Study of Nude Mice

Ting Xue1, Liming Wang2, Yong Li2, Hao Song3, Huijun Chu2, Hongjuan Yang2, Ailian Guo1, Jinwen Jiao2✉

1. Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.
2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.
3. Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

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Citation:
Xue T, Wang L, Li Y, Song H, Chu H, Yang H, Guo A, Jiao J. SiRNA-Mediated RRM2 Gene Silencing Combined with Cisplatin in the Treatment of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer In Vivo: An Experimental Study of Nude Mice. Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(11):1510-1516. doi:10.7150/ijms.33979. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v16p1510.htm

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Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to explore small interfering (si)RNA silencing of ribonucleotide reductase M2 (RRM2) gene combined with cisplatin for the treatment of human ovarian cancer in nude mice models of subcutaneous transplantation of tumor cells.

Methods: After conventional cultivation of human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 in vitro, SKOV3 cells were injected into the right back of nude mice by subcutaneous injection to establish the subcutaneous tumor models. Twenty-four tumor-burdened rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=6): siRNA group, siRNA in combination with cisplatin group, cisplatin group, and control group. Intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin and subcutaneous injection of siRNA were performed weekly. Tumor volume was measured, and tumor growth inhibition rate was calculated. RRM2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry.

Results: In the siRNA group, the tumor volume and tumor growth inhibition rate were 249.60±20.46 mm³ and 36.39%, respectively. The tumor growth inhibition rate and tumor volume were significantly different between the siRNA and control groups (p<0.05). In the cisplatin group, the tumor volume and tumor growth inhibition rate were 249.86±12.46 mm³ and 41.10%, respectively. The tumor growth inhibition rate and tumor volume were significantly different between the cisplatin and control groups (p<0.05). In the siRNA + cisplatin group, the tumor volume reduced to 180.84±16.25 mm³ and the tumor growth inhibition rate was increased to 64.33%, which were significantly different compared with the control group (p<0.01). Significant downregulation of RRM2 mRNA and protein expression in the tumor tissues was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry assay (p<0.05).

Discussion: siRNA alone or combined with cisplatin can effectively inhibit the growth of human ovarian cancer in nude mice models of subcutaneous transplantation of tumor cells. RRM2 gene silencing may be a potential treatment regimen for ovarian cancer in future.

Keywords: RRM2, siRNA/RNAi, cisplatin, ovarian cancer, nude mice