Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(4):583-592. doi:10.7150/ijms.32751

Research Paper

Expression of Chosen Carcinoembryonic-Related Cell Adhesion Molecules in Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN) Associated with Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC)

Justyna Zińczuk1✉, Konrad Zaręba2, Wioletta Romaniuk3, Dorota Kamińska4, Marcin Nizioł5, Magdalena Baszun5, Bogusław Kędra2, Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz5, Anna Pryczynicz5

1. Department of Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 15 St., 15-269 Białystok, Poland
2. 2nd Clinical Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery, Medical University of Bialystok, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 24A St., 15-276 Białystok, Poland
3. Department of Haematology, Medical University of Bialystok, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 24A St., 15-276 Białystok, Poland
4. Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Independent Public Health Care Unit of the Provincial Hospital Jędrzej Śniadecki in Bialystok, Poland
5. Department of General Pathomorphology, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 13 St., 15-269 Białystok, Poland

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Citation:
Zińczuk J, Zaręba K, Romaniuk W, Kamińska D, Nizioł M, Baszun M, Kędra B, Guzińska-Ustymowicz K, Pryczynicz A. Expression of Chosen Carcinoembryonic-Related Cell Adhesion Molecules in Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN) Associated with Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(4):583-592. doi:10.7150/ijms.32751. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v16p0583.htm

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Abstract

Aims: Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs) are members of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily and take part in regulation of cell adhesion, tumor suppression and angiogenesis. Overexpression of CEACAM 1, 5 and 6 is widely described in several gastrointestinal epithelial tumors. The aim of study was to evaluate the expression of CEACAM 1, CEACAM 5 and CEACAM 6 in the most common precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma -pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN).

Methods and results: The study group consisted of 32 patients treated for chronic pancreatitis and 38 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who also had pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. The expression of CEACAM was performed by immunohistochemical method and evaluated using 3-point scale: 0 - lack of positive reaction in pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, 1 (weak and moderate) - reaction present in 1-30% epithelial cells in PanIN and 2 (strong) - reaction present in >30% epithelial cells in PanIN. Expression of CEACAM 1, 5 and 6 increased with increasing degree of advancement of PanIN. Differences in expression of CEACAM 1, 5 and 6 between normal pancreatic ducts and different degrees of PanIN were statistically significant (p<0.001). We observed relationship between CEACAM1 expression and localization of PanIN in different parts of the pancreas.

Conclusions: CEACAM 1, CEACAM 5 and CEACAM 6 expression appears to be an early event in pancreatic carcinogenesis. Moreover, expression of CEACAM 1, 5 and 6 may represent a useful biomarker that may aid in the identification of precancerous lesions in the pancreas.

Keywords: pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, PanIN, CEACAM, adhesion molecules