Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(13):1466-1471. doi:10.7150/ijms.26697
Effects of polymethylmethacrylate on the stability of screw fixation in mandibular angle fractures: A study on sheep mandibles
Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Istanbul Turkey
Cankaya AB, Kasapoglu MB, Erdem MA, Kasapoglu C. Effects of polymethylmethacrylate on the stability of screw fixation in mandibular angle fractures: A study on sheep mandibles. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(13):1466-1471. doi:10.7150/ijms.26697. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v15p1466.htm
Aim: Malfixed miniplates can impair fracture healing, and the screw pilot holes may widen during repeated fixation trials. This in vitro study explored the extent to which screw fixation of mandibular angle fractures could be improved by augmenting the drilling holes with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA).
Materials and Methods: We measured stabilization by recording specimen displacement under a vertical force of 50 N applied using a hydraulic tester. We included 20 hemimandibles from sheep (average weight 40 kg). The specimens were randomly divided into two groups of 10 and pilot holes were created in the angulus region using a drill 1.2 mm in diameter. Next, we performed osteotomies simulating angulus fracture repair. In group 1, the fracture site was fixed using non-compression miniplates and four screws were inserted to the maximal possible extent employing a mechanical screwdriver. In group 2, the pilot drill holes were filled with PMMA prior to miniplate fixation. Then vertical forces of 50 N were applied to the molar region and the displacements were measured. The Shapiro-Wilks test was used to compare the two groups.
Result: The maximum average displacement in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p=0.026). Thus, PMMA-augmented screws better stabilized bone, affording reliable fixation.
Keywords: polymethylmethacrylate, fixation screws, bone, displacement