Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(1):19-23. doi:10.7150/ijms.4723
Three-year Review of Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Burn Wound Isolates in Van, Turkey
1. Microbiology Laboratory, Van Training And Research Hospital, Van, Turkey;
2. Department of Family Medicine, Van Gevas State Hospital, Van, Turkey;
3. Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yuzuncu Yil, Van, Turkey.
BAYRAM Y, PARLAK M, AYPAK C, BAYRAM İ. Three-year Review of Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Burn Wound Isolates in Van, Turkey. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(1):19-23. doi:10.7150/ijms.4723. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0019.htm
The risk of infection in burns is well-known. In recent decades, the antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from burn patients has increased. For this reason, a retrospective study was conducted at Van Training and Research Hospital to analyze the bacterial isolates from the wounds of patients admitted to the Burn Unit and to determine the susceptibility patterns of the commonly cultured organisms over a 3-year period, January 2009 to December 2011.
A total of 250 microorganisms were isolated from burn wounds of 179 patients. Our results revealed that the most frequent isolate was Acinetobacter baumannii (23.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12%), Staphylococcus aureus (11.2%), Escherichia coli (10%) respectively. Multidrug-resistance has emerged as an important concern in our burn unit. Tigecycline, and colistin were found to be the most active drugs against Acinetobacter baumannii. Carbapenems and amikacin, were found to be the most active drugs against other gram negative bacteria. Vancomycin and linezolid were active against gram positive bacteria.
Aggressive infection control measures should be applied to limit the emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant pathogens.
Keywords: antibiotic, burns, resistance, wounds.