Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(1):8-18. doi:10.7150/ijms.5385
The Therapeutic Effect of Human Adult Stem Cells Derived from Adipose Tissue in Endotoxemic Rat Model
1. Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2. Department of Emergency Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Shin S, Kim Y, Jeong S, Hong S, Kim I, Lee W, Choi S. The Therapeutic Effect of Human Adult Stem Cells Derived from Adipose Tissue in Endotoxemic Rat Model. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(1):8-18. doi:10.7150/ijms.5385. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0008.htm
Excessive systemic inflammation following sepsis, trauma or burn could lead to multi-organ damage and death. Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), commonly referred to as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), has been studied in several immune-associated diseases in human and animal by modulating the inflammatory response. Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ATSCs), which can be obtained more easily, compared with BMSCs, has emerged as an attractive alternative MSCs source for cell therapy. We investigated the therapeutic effects of human ATSCs (hATSCs) in endotoxemic rat model and their capacity to modulate the inflammatory response. Endotoxemia was induced with Lipopolysaccaride intravenously injection (LPS, 10mg/kg). Animals were divided into the following three groups: (1) saline + saline (n=5), (2) LPS + saline (n=5) and (3) LPS + hATSCs (2x106) (n=5). The administration of LPS caused a consistent systemic inflammatory responses, increased concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines that have an important role in sepsis. Treatment of endotoxemia with hATSCs decreased the level of inflammatory cytokines both in serum and in the lung, reduced inflammatory changes in the lung, prevented apoptosis in the kidney and improved multi-organ injury. In conclusion, our data demonstrates that hATSCs regulate the immue/inflammatory responses and improve multi-organ injury and they could be attractive candidates for cell therapy to treat endotoxemia.
Keywords: Endotoxemia, Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells(ATSCs)