Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(4):291-300. doi:10.7150/ijms.4298
Cardioprotective Effect of Sodium Ferulate in Diabetic Rats
1. Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000, PR China.
2. Department of Geriatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000, PR China.
3. Department of Geriatrics, Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310000, PR China.
# Xiaohong Xu and Haijuan Xiao contributed equally to this work.
Xu X, Xiao H, Zhao J, Zhao T. Cardioprotective Effect of Sodium Ferulate in Diabetic Rats. Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(4):291-300. doi:10.7150/ijms.4298. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v09p0291.htm
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in the occurrence and development in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC). Ferulic acid is one of the ubiquitous compounds in diet. Sodium ferulate (SF) is its sodium salt. SF has potent free radical scavenging activity and can effectively scavenge ROS. The study investigated the effect of SF on cardioprotection in diabetic rats. The diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin (STZ) were treated with SF (110mg/kg) by gavage per day for 12 weeks. Results showed that the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in plasma and myocardium in SF-treated group were significantly higher than those in diabetic control group. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma and myocardium in SF-treated group were significantly lower than those in diabetic control group. Expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in myocardium in SF-treated group was apparently lower than that in diabetic control group. Compared with normal control group, electron micrographs of myocardium in diabetic control group showed apparently abnormality, while that was significantly ameliorated in SF-treated group. The study demonstrated that SF has a cardioprotective effect via increasing SOD activity and NO levels in plasma and myocardium, inhibiting oxidative stress in plasma and myocardium, and inhibiting the expression of CTGF in myocardium in diabetes rats.
Keywords: diabetic cardiomyopathy, sodium ferulate, oxidative stress, nitric oxide, superoxide dismutase, connective tissue growth factor.