Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(6):774-782. doi:10.7150/ijms.33195

Research Paper

Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-11 gene polymorphisms on development and clinicopathologcial variables of uterine cervical cancer in Taiwanese women

Soo-Cheen Ng1,2, Po-Hui Wang1,2,3, Yueh‐Chun Lee1,3,4, Chung-Yuan Lee3,5,6, Shun-Fa Yang3,7, Huang-Pin Shen1,2,3, Yi-Hsuan Hsiao1,8,✉

1. School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
3. Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
4. Radiation Oncology Department, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
5. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan
6. Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi Campus, Chiayi, Taiwan
7. Department of Medical Research, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
8. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to examine whether there were associations among matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11) gene polymorphisms, development and clinicopathological characteristics of uterine cervical cancer as well as patient survival or not. Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MMP-11 gene rs738791, rs738792, rs2267029, rs28382575, and rs131451 from one hundred and thirty patients with invasive cancer, 99 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of uterine and 335 normal controls were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Our results revealed that genotypic frequencies of CT/TT in MMP-11 SNP rs738791, with CC as a reference, tended to exhibit significantly different distributions (p=0.044, AOR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.41-0.99) between patients with cervical invasive cancer and normal control women when controlling age. After multiple significance adjustment, the tendency becomes insignificant (Holm's adjusted p 0.176). Although CT/TT genotype of MMP-11 gene rs738791 tended to increase the risk of developing stage II disease at least (p=0.035; OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.05-4.44) and deep stromal invasion more than 10 mm (p=0.043; OR: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.02-4.26) with CC as a reference in patients with uterine cervical cancer. They became insignificant after multiple significance adjustment and the Holm's adjusted p values would become as 0.245 and 0.258, respectively. However, lymph node metastasis exhibited significant worse recurrence-free survival (p=0.033; HR: 2.83, 95% CI: 1.09-7.35), and overall survival (p=0.001; HR: 4.80, 95% CI: 1.82-12.62) compared to those without pelvic lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, it indicates no impact of the MMP-11 SNPs on uterine cervical cancer in Taiwanese women.

Keywords: matrix metalloproteinase-11, gene polymorphisms, uterine cervical cancer, single nucleotide polymorphism

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How to cite this article:
Ng SC, Wang PH, Lee Y, Lee CY, Yang SF, Shen HP, Hsiao YH. Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-11 gene polymorphisms on development and clinicopathologcial variables of uterine cervical cancer in Taiwanese women. Int J Med Sci 2019; 16(6):774-782. doi:10.7150/ijms.33195. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v16p0774.htm