19 February 2019
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Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(12):1341-1348. doi:10.7150/ijms.27543
Thrombopoietin could protect cerebral tissue against ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing NF-κB and MMP-9 expression in rats
1. Department of Neurology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China
Objective: To determine the neuroprotective effects and underpinning mechanisms of thrombopoietin (TPO), Matrix Metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) and Nuclear Factor-κB (NF-κB) after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats.
Methods: Male rats underwent 2 hours of right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 22 hours of reperfusion. PBS or TPO (0.1ug/kg) was administered from caudal vein before reperfusion. Neurologic deficits, brain edema, Evans blue (EB) extravasation, NF-κB and MMP-9 expression were subsequently examined.
Results: Ischemia-reperfusion injury produced a large area of edema. TPO significantly reduced edema and alleviated neurologic deficits after ischemia-reperfusion. Ischemia-induced increases of NF-κB, MMP-9 and Evans blue extravasation were reduced by TPO intervention.
Conclusion: TPO improved neurological function and ameliorated brain edema after stroke, partly by reducing the ischemia-induced increase of NF-κB and MMP-9.
Keywords: Thrombopoietin (TPO), Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), Ischemia-Reperfusion (IR)
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How to cite this article:
Wu W, Zhong W, Lang B, Hu Z, He J, Tang X. Thrombopoietin could protect cerebral tissue against ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing NF-κB and MMP-9 expression in rats. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(12):1341-1348. doi:10.7150/ijms.27543. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v15p1341.htm