23 October 2018
Global reach, higher impact
Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(12):1296-1303. doi:10.7150/ijms.27326
Eicosapentaenoic acid reduces indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 expression in tumor cells
1. Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Marine plants and animals have omega-3 fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EPA is required for biological processes, but humans are unable to synthesize them and must be obtained from dietary sources. EPA has been used as an antitumor agent but the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of tumor microenvironment immunity by EPA are still unknown. The indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO) catalyzes conversion of tryptophan to kynurenine to induce immune evasion in tumor microenvironment. In this study, EPA inhibited the expression of IDO via downregulation of protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian targets of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in tumor cells. Meanwhile, a significant decrease in kynurenine levels and increase in T cell survival were observed after tumor cells treated with EPA. The results demonstrated that EPA can activate host antitumor immunity by inhibiting tumor IDO expression. Therefore, our finding suggests that EPA can be enormous potential for cancer immunotherapy.
Keywords: Eicosapentaenoic acid, tumor microenvironment, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, immune evasion, immunotherapy
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Wang CC, Yang CJ, Wu LH, Lin HC, Wen ZH, Lee CH. Eicosapentaenoic acid reduces indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 expression in tumor cells. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(12):1296-1303. doi:10.7150/ijms.27326. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v15p1296.htm