21 July 2018
Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(6):653-658. doi:10.7150/ijms.23733
Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-11 gene polymorphisms upon the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma
1. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Dongyang Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Dongyang, Zhejiang, China
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy and a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11), also known as stromelysin-3, plays a critical role during tumor migration, invasion and metastasis. Here, we report on the association between five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) - rs738791, rs2267029, rs738792, rs28382575, and rs131451 - of the MMP-11 gene and HCC susceptibility, as well as clinical outcomes, in 293 patients with HCC and in 586 cancer-free controls. We found that carriers of the CT+TT allele of the rs738791 variant were at greater risk of HCC compared with wild-type (CC) carriers. Moreover, carriers of at least one C allele (C/T+C/C genotype) at the MMP-11 SNP rs738792 were likely to progress to Child-Pugh B or C grade, while individuals with at least one C allele (C/T+C/C genotype) at the MMP-11 SNP rs28382575 were at higher risk of developing stage III/IV disease, large tumors or lymph node metastasis. We believe that genetic variations in the MMP-11 gene may help to predict early-stage HCC and act as reliable biomarkers for HCC progression.
Keywords: MMP-11 polymorphisms, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Susceptibility
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How to cite this article:
Wang B, Hsu CJ, Lee HL, Chou CH, Su CM, Yang SF, Tang CH. Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-11 gene polymorphisms upon the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(6):653-658. doi:10.7150/ijms.23733. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v15p0653.htm