24 September 2018
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Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(2):170-175. doi:10.7150/ijms.22513
Variations in the AURKA Gene: Biomarkers for the Development and Progression of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
1. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Dongyang Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Dongyang, Zhejiang, China;
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy and a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. AURKA (aurora kinase A) is a mitotic serine/threonine kinase that functions as an oncogene and plays a critical role in hepatocarcinogenesis. We report on the association between 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the AURKA gene (rs1047972, rs2273535, rs2064836, and rs6024836) and HCC susceptibility as well as clinical outcomes in 312 patients with HCC and in 624 cancer-free controls. We found that carriers of the TT allele of the variant rs1047972 were at greater risk of HCC compared with wild-type (CC) carriers. Moreover, carriers of at least one A allele in rs2273535 were less likely to progress to stage III/IV disease, develop large tumors or be classified into Child-Pugh class B or C. Individuals with at least one G allele at AURKA SNP rs2064863 were at lower risk of developing large tumors or progressing to Child-Pugh grade B or C. Our results indicate that genetic variations in the AURKA gene may serve as an important predictor of early-stage HCC and be a reliable biomarker for the development of HCC.
Keywords: AURKA polymorphisms, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Susceptibility.
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How to cite this article:
Wang B, Hsu CJ, Chou CH, Lee HL, Chiang WL, Su CM, Tsai HC, Yang SF, Tang CH. Variations in the AURKA Gene: Biomarkers for the Development and Progression of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(2):170-175. doi:10.7150/ijms.22513. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v15p0170.htm