Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(7):675-679. doi:10.7150/ijms.19355
The EMSY Gene Collaborates with CCND1 in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinogenesis
1. Istanbul University, Department of Medical Biology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul 34303, Turkey;
2. Istanbul University, Department of Chest Surgery, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul 34303, Turkey.
Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths. The main risk factor is smoking but the risk is also associated with various genetic and epigenetic components in addition to environmental factors. Increases in the gene copy numbers due to chromosomal amplifications constitute a common mechanism for oncogene activation. A gene-dense region on chromosome 11q13 which harbors four core regions that are frequently amplified, has been associated with various types of cancer. The important cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin D1 (CCND1) is an essential driver of the first core region of the Chr11q13 amplicon. Deregulation of CCND1 has been associated with different kinds of human malignancies including lung cancer. The EMSY (c11orf30) gene has been proposed as the possible driver of the fourth core of the 11q13 amplicon and its amplification has been associated with breast and ovarian cancers. There is no report in the literature investigating the EMSY gene in lung cancer.
Methods: In this study, expression levels of the EMSY and CCND1 genes were investigated in 85 patients with non small cell lung cancer by Real Time PCR.
Results: Expression of the EMSY and CCND1 genes were increased in 56 (65.8%) and 50 (58.8%) of the patients, respectively. Both genes showed a higher expression in the tumors when compared to normal tissues. A strong correlation was present between the expression rates of both genes (p<0.001). Patients with adenocarcinoma had higher expression levels of both genes (p=0.02).
Conclusion: We conclude that EMSY and CCND1 work in collaboration and contribute to the pathogenesis of lung cancer.
Keywords: CCND1, EMSY, expression, NSCLC.
Baykara O, Dalay N, Bakir B, Bulut P, Kaynak K, Buyru N. The EMSY Gene Collaborates with CCND1 in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinogenesis. Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(7):675-679. doi:10.7150/ijms.19355. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v14p0675.htm