International Journal of Medical Sciences

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21 September 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(5):477-483. doi:10.7150/ijms.18054

Research Paper

Effect of Metoprolol Succinate in Patients with Stable Angina and Elevated Heart Rate Receiving Low-Dose β-Blocker Therapy

Jie Jiang1, Hongliang Cong2, Yan Zhang1, Zhanquan Li3, Guizhou Tao4, Xiaodong Li5, Liang Qing6, Ning Tan7, Zhichen Zhao8, Yugang Dong9, Zheng Ji10, Yundai Chen11, Junbo Ge12, Ben He13, Yingxian Sun14, Kejiang Cao15, Yong Huo1✉

1. Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street., Xicheng District, Beijing, 100034;
2. Tianjin Chest Hospital, 93 Xian Road, Heping District, Tianjin, 30051;
3. The People's Hospital of Liaoning Province, 33 Wenyi Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110016;
4. The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, 2 Renmin Street, Jinzhou, Liaoning, 121004;
5. Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, 36 Sanhao street, Heping District, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110004;
6. Taiyuan Chaoyang Hospital, 7 Youdianqian Street, Yingze District, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030001;
7. Guangdong General Hospital, 106 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510080;
8. Zhengzhou Central Hospital, 195 Tongbai Road, Zhongyuan District, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450007;
9. The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 58 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guanzhou, Guangdong, 510080;
10. Tangshan Gongren Hospital, 27 Wenhua Road, Lubei District, Tangshan, Hebei, 63000;
11. Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100039;
12. Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Xuhui District,Shanghai, 200032;
13. Renji Hospital Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 786 Yuyuan Road, Changning District, Shanghai, 200240;
14. The First Hospital of China Medical University, 155 Nanjing North Street, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110001;
15. Jiangsu Province Hospital, 300 Guangzhou Road, Gulou District, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029.

Abstract

Aims: β-blockers are underused in Chinese patients with coronary heart disease. The prescribed dose is often low. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of metoprolol succinate doses of 95 mg and 190 mg on heart rate (HR) control, as well as drug tolerance, in Chinese patients with stable angina, low-dose β-blocker use and unsatisfactory HR control.

Methods: This was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group trial in 15 clinical sites. Patients with stable angina, taking low-dose β-blockers (equivalent to metoprolol succinate 23.75-47.5 mg/day), and having a resting HR of ≥ 65 bpm were enrolled and randomized to either the metoprolol 95-mg group or the 190-mg group. The change in 24-h average HR from baseline recorded by Holter monitoring and the percentages of patients with resting HR controlled to ≤ 60 bpm were compared between the two groups.

Results: Two hundred thirty-one patients entered the intent-to-treat population for the main analysis. The change in 24-h average HR from baseline was -0.62 ± 0.66 bpm in the 95 mg group and -2.99 ± 0.62 bpm in the 190 mg group (p = 0.0077) after 8 weeks of treatment. The percentages of patients with resting HR controlled to ≤ 60 bpm were 24.1% (95% CI: 16.35%, 31.93%) and 40.0% (95% CI: 31.05%, 48.95%), respectively (p = 0.0019). Only 4 and 2 of the patients, respectively, discontinued the study drugs because of hypotension or bradycardia.

Conclusions: The metoprolol succinate dose of 190 mg is superior to the 95 mg dose in terms of HR control, in Chinese patients with stable angina, low-dose β-blocker use and unsatisfactory HR control. Both doses were well tolerated.

Keywords: metoprolol succinate, heart rate, stable angina, dose, tolerance.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Jiang J, Cong H, Zhang Y, Li Z, Tao G, Li X, Qing L, Tan N, Zhao Z, Dong Y, Ji Z, Chen Y, Ge J, He B, Sun Y, Cao K, Huo Y. Effect of Metoprolol Succinate in Patients with Stable Angina and Elevated Heart Rate Receiving Low-Dose β-Blocker Therapy. Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(5):477-483. doi:10.7150/ijms.18054. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v14p0477.htm