International Journal of Medical Sciences
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27 February 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(1):97-101. doi:10.7150/ijms.17681

Research Paper

The Therapeutic Effect of Vitamin C in an Animal Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Produced by Prolonged Hindpaw Ischemia-Reperfusion in Rats

Jae Hun Kim1, Yong Chul Kim2, Francis Sahngun Nahm3, Pyung Bok Lee3✉

1. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine;
2. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital;
3. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital.

Abstract

Objectives: It is known that increased free radicals from oxidative stress are one of the major causes of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that vitamin C has a dose-related treatment effect in a chronic post-ischemic pain (CPIP) model.

Methods: A total of 49 male rats weighing 250 to 350 g were used. The 4 treatment groups were control (no medication), group 1.0 (administration of 1 mg/day for vitamin C for 5 days), group 2.5 (administration of 2.5 mg/day vitamin C for 5 days), and group 7.5 (administration of 7.5 mg/day vitamin C for 5 days). The 50% mechanical withdrawal threshold and total blood antioxidant status (TAS) were measured before and after administration of vitamin C.

Results: Twenty-eight CPIP model rats were generated from 49 rats. Seven rats were randomly allocated to each group. The 50% mechanical withdrawal threshold of group 2.5 (after the administration of vitamin C) was higher than that of the control group and group 1.0 (P < 0.05). At 1 day of the administration of vitamin C, the 50% mechanical withdrawal threshold of group 1.0 was higher than that of the control group and the blood levels of TAS in groups 2.5 and 7.5 were higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). Twelve days after the administration of vitamin C, the blood levels of TAS in groups 2.5 and 7.5 were lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05).

Discussion: The administration of a proper dose of vitamin C can reduce oxidative stress, increase antioxidants, and recover the threshold for mechanical allodynia in the CPIP model.

Keywords: antioxidants, chronic post-ischemic pain model, complex regional pain syndrome, oxidative stress, vitamin C.

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How to cite this article:
Kim JH, Kim YC, Nahm FS, Lee PB. The Therapeutic Effect of Vitamin C in an Animal Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Produced by Prolonged Hindpaw Ischemia-Reperfusion in Rats. Int J Med Sci 2017; 14(1):97-101. doi:10.7150/ijms.17681. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v14p0097.htm