18 January 2018
Int J Med Sci 2016; 13(9):696-700. doi:10.7150/ijms.16259
Prognostic Value of Prostaglandin-endoperoxide Synthase 2 Polymorphisms in Prostate Cancer Recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy
1. Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
Backgroud: Increasing evidence suggests the involvement of chronic inflammation in the progression of prostate cancer, and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), also known as cyclooxygenase-2, catalyzes the rate-limiting steps of the pathway. We hypothesized that genetic variants of PTGS2 can influence the outcome of prostate cancer patients.
Methods: We genotyped five haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to detect common genetic variations across the PTGS2 region in 458 prostate cancer patients treated with radical prostatectomy.
Results: One SNP, rs4648302, was associated with disease recurrence. Five-year recurrence-free survival rate increased according to the number of variant alleles inherited (55.6%, 70.7%, and 100.0% for patients with different genotypes; P = 0.037), and the effect was maintained in multivariable analysis. Public dataset analyses also suggested that PTGS2 expression was correlated with prostate cancer prognosis.
Conclusion: Our results indicated that PTGS2 could be a potential prognostic marker to improve the prediction of disease recurrence in prostate cancer patients.
Keywords: biochemical recurrence, prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy, single-nucleotide polymorphism, PTGS2, inflammation.
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How to cite this article:
Lee CH, Pao JB, Lu TL, Lee HZ, Lee YC, Liu CC, Huang CY, Lin VC, Yu CC, Yin HL, Huang SP, Bao BY. Prognostic Value of Prostaglandin-endoperoxide Synthase 2 Polymorphisms in Prostate Cancer Recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy. Int J Med Sci 2016; 13(9):696-700. doi:10.7150/ijms.16259. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v13p0696.htm