18 August 2018
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Int J Med Sci 2015; 12(2):141-145. doi:10.7150/ijms.10483
Malignant Lymphomas in the Head and Neck Region - a Retrospective, Single-Center Study over 41 Years
1. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Plastic Surgery of the University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Augustusplatz 2, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Objectives: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are malignant neoplastic proliferations of the immune system that can manifest as nodal or extranodal lymphomas. The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate the site of occurrence of lymphomas in the head and neck area and to analyze the typical symptoms of patients who presented at an oral and maxillofacial surgical department.
Material and Methods: All patient files from1971 until 2012 from an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a University were analyzed for the diagnosis non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Epidemiologic data and data regarding the localization of the malignant lymphoma were evaluated.
Results: 62 patients, 34 women and 28 men with a non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the head and neck area were treated in the 41 years analyzed. In 87% of the cases the lymphoma belonged to B-cell and in 12% to the T-cell lineage. The average age at the time of diagnosis was 67 years for women (n=34) and 56 years for men. With 22 patients each, the non-Hodgkin lymphoma was localized in either the soft tissues or osseous structures. In the remaining 18 cases, multiple structures were affected. In 33 patients no accompanying nodal manifestation was noticed. In 33 cases the lymphoma was located in the oral cavity. The most common symptoms were swelling (97%), pain (40%) and the existence of an ulcer (11%).
Conclusion: In the present study more than 50% of the lymphomas were located in the oral cavity. Due to the unspecific symptoms, a histopathological verification of the diagnosis is crucial.
Keywords: lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, oral, head and neck
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How to cite this article:
Walter C, Ziebart T, Sagheb K, Rahimi-Nedjat RK, Manz A, Hess G. Malignant Lymphomas in the Head and Neck Region - a Retrospective, Single-Center Study over 41 Years. Int J Med Sci 2015; 12(2):141-145. doi:10.7150/ijms.10483. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v12p0141.htm