International Journal of Medical Sciences

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14 December 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2014; 11(5):515-521. doi:10.7150/ijms.8158

Research Paper

Serum Hyperglycemia Might Be Not Related to Fat Composition of Diet and Vegetable Composition of Diet Might Improve Sugar Control in Taiwanese Diabetic Subjects

Yi-Cheng Hou1, Ya-Lin Chang1, Shi-Ching Kuo1, Chih-Fan Chiang1, Cheng-Yang Chiang1, Yu-Fang Lin1, Pei-Chen Weng1, Fang-Ching Hu1, Jing-Hui Wu1, Chien-Han Lai2✉

1. Department of Nutrition, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, Taiwan;
2. Department of Psychiatry, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

Objective: This is an Asian study, which was designed to examine the correlations between biochemical data and food composition of diabetic patients in Taiwan. Methods: One hundred and seventy Taiwanese diabetic patients were enrolled. The correlations between biochemical data and diet composition (from 24-hour recall of intake food) of these patients were explored (Spearman correlation, p < 0.05). Diet components were also correlated with each other to show diet characteristics of diabetic patients in Taiwan. Linear regression was also performed for the significantly correlated groups to estimate possible impacts from diet composition to biochemical data. Results: Postprandial serum glucose level was negatively correlated with fat percentage of diet, intake amount of polyunsaturated fatty acid and fiber diet composition. Hemoglobin A1c was negatively correlated with fat diet, polyunsaturated fatty acid and vegetable diet. Fat composition, calorie percentage accounted by polyunsaturated fatty acid and monounsaturated fatty acid in diet seemed to be negatively correlated with sugar percentage of diet and positively correlated with vegetable and fiber composition of diet. Linear regression showed that intake amount of polyunsaturated fatty acid, calorie percentage accounted by polyunsaturated fatty acid, fat percentage of diet, vegetable composition of diet would predict lower hemoglobin A1c and postprandial blood sugar. Besides, higher percentage of fat diet composition could predict higher percentage of vegetable diet composition in Taiwanese diabetic patients. Conclusion: Fat diet might not elevate serum glucose. Vegetable diet and polyunsaturated fatty acid diet composition might be correlated with better sugar control in Taiwanese diabetic patients.

Keywords: fat, vegetable, polyunsaturated fatty acid, hemoglobin A1c, Type II diabetes mellitus.

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How to cite this article:
Hou YC, Chang YL, Kuo SC, Chiang CF, Chiang CY, Lin YF, Weng PC, Hu FC, Wu JH, Lai CH. Serum Hyperglycemia Might Be Not Related to Fat Composition of Diet and Vegetable Composition of Diet Might Improve Sugar Control in Taiwanese Diabetic Subjects. Int J Med Sci 2014; 11(5):515-521. doi:10.7150/ijms.8158. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v11p0515.htm