International Journal of Medical Sciences

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23 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(12):1784-1789. doi:10.7150/ijms.6327

Research Paper

Temporomandibular Disorders in Burning Mouth Syndrome Patients: An Observational Study

Massimo Corsalini1✉, Daniela Di Venere2, Francesco Pettini3, Dorina Lauritano4, Massimo Petruzzi5

1. MD, DMD Assistant professor, Dental School University of Bari, Section of TMD Diagnosis and Treatment
2. DDS, PhD, PG Orth Assistant professor, Dental School University of Bari, Section of TMD Diagnosis and treatment
3. DDS, Assistant professor, Dental School University of Bari, Section of Restorative Dentistry
4. DDS, Assistant professor, Dental School University of Milan Bicocca, Section of Oral Pathology and Medicine
5. DDS, PhD, PG Oral.Surg. Assistant professor, Dental School University of Bari, Section of Oral Pathology and Medicine

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a chronic disease characterized by absence of any lesions and burning of the oral mucosa associated to a sensation of dry mouth and/or taste alterations. The purpose of our study is to estimate signs and symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in patients with BMS and to investigate for the existence of an association between BMS and TMD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four BMS patients were enrolled; BMS subtype was established according to the classification of Lamey. After a gnathological evaluation, according to the protocol of the European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders, patients were classified by RDC/TMD criteria. The data were compared and analyzed using a chi-square test to describe the existence of an association between BMS and TMD.

RESULTS: 65.9% the BMS patients showed disorders classified as primary signs and symptoms of TMD according to RDC / TMD criteria, and 72.7% showed parafunctional habits. The chi-square test revealed a statistically significant association (p = 0.035) between BMS and TMD.

CONCLUSION: The data suggest that there is a possible relationship not yet well understood between BMS and TMD, may be for neurophatic alterations assumed for BMS that could be also engaged in TMD pathogenesis.

Keywords: TMD, BMS, parafunctional habits, oral pain, RDC/TMD criteria

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Corsalini M, Di Venere D, Pettini F, Lauritano D, Petruzzi M. Temporomandibular Disorders in Burning Mouth Syndrome Patients: An Observational Study. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(12):1784-1789. doi:10.7150/ijms.6327. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p1784.htm