International Journal of Medical Sciences

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22 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):276-285. doi:10.7150/ijms.5185

Research Paper

Increased Co-Expression of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor and Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Is Associated with Tumor Recurrence of Meningioma

Quan Huang1*, Song-Li Zhao2,3*, Xiao-Ying Tian4, Bin Li2, Zhi Li2✉

1. Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. 58 Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China;
2. Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. 58 Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China;
3. Department of Pathology, Nanhai Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University. 40 Foping Road, Foshan 528200, China;
4. School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China.
* Co-first authors.

Abstract

Background and Objective: We detected the expression of MIF and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in meningiomas to determine whether they are valuable recurrence predictor for meningioma.

Methods: 67 cases of meningiomas, including 57 benign tumors (WHO grade I) and 10 non-benign tumors (WHO grade II and III), were collected, and expression of MIF and MMP9 in tissue microarray was evaluated immunohistochemically. The correlations between immunostainings and clinicopathological parameters, as well as the follow-up data of patients, were analyzed statistically.

Results: Increased expressions of both MIF (58.2%, 39/67) and MMP9 (55.2%, 37/67) were significantly associated with microvessel density (MVD) of tumor, but only dual high-expression of MIF and MMP9 was in relation to tumor invasion (P=0.016) and tumor recurrence (P=0.001). Based on univariate analysis, histological grade, tumor invasion and co-expression of MIF and MMP9 were significant predictors for recurrence. However, only histological grade and co-expression of MIF and MMP9 in tumor were independent recurrence factors with a hazard ratio of 49.033 (P=0.002) and 37.766 (P=0.002) in multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: Together with histological grade, increased co-expression of MIF and MMP9 in tumor might be a valuable predictor for recurrence, especially for benign meningiomas.

Keywords: Meningioma, Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), Recurrence.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Huang Q, Zhao SL, Tian XY, Li B, Li Z. Increased Co-Expression of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor and Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Is Associated with Tumor Recurrence of Meningioma. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):276-285. doi:10.7150/ijms.5185. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0276.htm