International Journal of Medical Sciences

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23 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):250-254. doi:10.7150/ijms.5511

Research Paper

Recipient Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Antigen 4 +49 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Is Not Associated with Acute Rejection after Liver Transplantation in Chinese Population

Zhijun Jiang, Ying Chen, Xiaonin Feng, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shusen Zheng

Division of Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou Zhejiang 310003, P.R. China.

Abstract

Objective: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene have been detected and proved to associate with the incidence of rejection after transplantation. However, previous studies gained inconsistent results about the association between CTLA-4 +49 single-nucleotide polymorphism and susceptibility of allograft rejection. Therefore we sought to clarify whether CTLA-4 +49 SNP influences the incidence of acute rejection after liver transplantation in Chinese population. Methods: Genomic DNA from 335 liver transplant recipients was genotyped for CTLA-4 +49 SNP by DNA sequencing. Acute rejection was confirmed by pathologic evidences. The association between CTLA-4 +49 SNP and incidence of acute rejection was then analyzed by dominant, recessive, codominant and overdominant models. Results: The incidence of acute rejection within the first 3 months was 11.9%. In acute rejectors, the frequency was 45% for G/G, 10% for A/A and 45% for A/G respectively, compared with 47.5% for G/G, 10.8% for A/A and 41.7% for A/G in non-acute rejectors. And no significant difference of allele distribution between these 2 groups was detected. Conclusions: This study suggests that CTLA-4 +49 SNP is not associated with acute rejection after liver transplantation in Chinese population.

Keywords: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4, liver transplantation, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism.

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How to cite this article:
Jiang Z, Chen Y, Feng X, Xie H, Zhou L, Zheng S. Recipient Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Antigen 4 +49 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Is Not Associated with Acute Rejection after Liver Transplantation in Chinese Population. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(3):250-254. doi:10.7150/ijms.5511. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0250.htm