20 June 2018
Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(2):183-190. doi:10.7150/ijms.5308
Inflammation and Oxidative Stress are Associated with the Prevalence of High Aankle-brachial Index in Metabolic Syndrome Patients without Chronic Renal Failure
1. Department of Cardiology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510120 China
Aims: High ankle-brachial index (ABI) is marker of increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, while the relationship and mechanism between high ABI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are unclear. The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship and possible mechanism of MetS with high ABI.
Methods: 341 participants without CRF were recruited. Among these participants, 58 participants (ABI ≥ 1.3) were include in high ABI group and the other 283 participants (0.9 < ABI < 1.3) were include in normal ABI group. Furthermore, these 341 participants were also divided into MetS group (n = 54) and non-MetS group (n = 287). All participants received examinations including body mass index (BMI), ABI and related biochemical parameters.
Results: Compared with non-MetS group, the prevalence of high ABI was higher in MetS group (27.8% vs. 15%, p < 0.05). Participants with 3-4 metabolic risk factors had higher prevalence of high ABI than those with 0-1 metabolic risk factors (27.8% vs. 12.7%, p < 0.05). The prevalence of high ABI in overweight participants was higher than those with normal body weight. And the participants with hypertension also had higher prevalence of high ABI than normotensive participants. BMI, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were all higher in high ABI group than normal ABI group (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: More metabolic risk factors have increased the risk of high ABI. Inflammation and oxidative stress are associated with prevalence of high ABI in metabolic syndrome patients without chronic renal failure.
Keywords: High ankle-brachial index, metabolic syndrome, inflammation, oxidative stress, metabolic risk factors
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Zhang Y, Chen J, Zhang K, Kong M, Wang T, Chen R, Wang L, Wang J, Huang H. Inflammation and Oxidative Stress are Associated with the Prevalence of High Aankle-brachial Index in Metabolic Syndrome Patients without Chronic Renal Failure. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(2):183-190. doi:10.7150/ijms.5308. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v10p0183.htm