International Journal of Medical Sciences

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22 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(6):441-446. doi:10.7150/ijms.4549

Research Paper

Aspirin- and Clopidogrel-associated Bleeding Complications: Data Mining of the Public Version of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System, AERS

Takao Tamura1, Toshiyuki Sakaeda2,✉, Kaori Kadoyama2, Yasushi Okuno3,4,✉

1. Kinki University Nara Hospital, Nara, Japan;
2. Center for Integrative Education in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan;
3. Department of Systems Biosciences for Drug Discovery, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan;
4. Kyoto Constella Technologies Co., Ltd., Kyoto 604-8156, Japan.

Abstract

Objective: Adverse event reports (AERs) submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed to assess the bleeding complications induced by the administration of antiplatelets and to attempt to determine the rank-order of the association.

Methods: After a deletion of duplicated submissions and the revision of arbitrary drug names, AERs involving warfarin, aspirin, cilostazol, clopidogrel, ethyl icosapentate, limaprost alfadex, sarpogrelate, and ticlopidine were analyzed. Authorized pharmacovigilance tools were used for the quantitative detection of signals, i.e., drug-associated adverse events, including the proportional reporting ratio, the reporting odds ratio, the information component given by a Bayesian confidence propagation neural network, and the empirical Bayes geometric mean.

Results: Based on 22,017,956 co-occurrences, i.e., drug-adverse event pairs, found in 1,644,220 AERs from 2004 to 2009, 736 adverse events were listed as warfarin-associated adverse events, and 147 of the 736 were bleeding complications, including haemorrhage and haematoma. Both aspirin and clopidogrel were associated with haemorrhage, but the association was more noteworthy for clopidogrel. As for bleeding complications related to the gastrointestinal system, e.g., melaena and haematochezia, the statistical metrics suggested a stronger association for aspirin than clopidogrel. The total number of co-occurrences was not large enough to compare the association with bleeding complications for the other 5 antiplatelets.

Conclusions: The data strongly suggest the necessity of well-organized clinical studies with respect to antiplatelet-associated bleeding complications.

Keywords: adverse events, AERS, warfarin, antiplatelets, pharmacovigilance.

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How to cite this article:
Tamura T, Sakaeda T, Kadoyama K, Okuno Y. Aspirin- and Clopidogrel-associated Bleeding Complications: Data Mining of the Public Version of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System, AERS. Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(6):441-446. doi:10.7150/ijms.4549. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v09p0441.htm