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Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(4):316-321. doi:10.7150/ijms.4247

Research Paper

Facial Soft Tissue Changes after Maxillary Impaction and Mandibular Advancement in High Angle Class II Cases

Barış Aydil1✉, Nedim Özer2, Gülnaz Marşan3

1. Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Istanbul, TURKEY.
2. Okmeydani Dental Hospital, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Istanbul, TURKEY.
3. Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Istanbul, TURKEY.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the vertical and anteroposterior alterations in the soft, the dental and the skeletal tissues associated with the facial profile after Le Fort I maxillary impaction in conjunction with sagittal split osteotomy for mandibular advancement performed in patients with a high angle Class II skeletal deformity.

The study population consists of 21 patients (11 females and 10 males, mean age 24.5±1.6 years) who underwent Le Fort I maxillary impaction in conjunction with sagittal split osteotomy for mandibular advancement. Lateral cephalograms were obtained prior to the surgery and 1.3±0.2 years postoperatively. Wilcoxon test was performed to compare the pre- and postsurgical cephalometric measurements. Pearson correlation test was carried out to determine the relative changes in skeletal, dental and the facial soft tissues.

The insignificant decrease in the nasolabial angle was correlated with the significant decrease in the vertical position of the nose due to the nasal protraction noticed after bimaxillary surgery. The retraction of both the upper lip and the upper incisors was correlated with the insignificant decrease in the columella-lobular angle. The insignificant decrease in both the vertical height of the mandibular B point and the lower incisors was correlated with the insignificant decrease in vertical height of the soft tissue pogonion, attributable to the resulting superior movement of the soft tissues of the chin and the counter clockwise rotation of the mandible after maxillary impaction and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy, respectively.

Le Fort I maxillary impaction in conjunction with mandibular sagittal split osteotomy for mandibular advancement significantly affected the vertical and anteroposterior positions of the maxilla and the mandible, respectively. When performed in combination, these surgical techniques may efficiently alter the position of upper incisor and the nasal position in both vertical and anteroposterior directions. Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery seems to be an efficient method for obtaining satisfactory results in the appearance of the soft, the dental and the skeletal tissues associated with the facial profile in patients with high angle Class II skeletal deformity.

Keywords: vertical and anteroposterior alterations, Le Fort I maxillary impaction, Class II skeletal deformity.

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How to cite this article:
Aydil B, Özer N, Marşan G. Facial Soft Tissue Changes after Maxillary Impaction and Mandibular Advancement in High Angle Class II Cases. Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(4):316-321. doi:10.7150/ijms.4247. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v09p0316.htm