International Journal of Medical Sciences

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23 October 2017

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Int J Med Sci 2011; 8(3):278-282. doi:10.7150/ijms.8.278

Research Paper

Aplasia and Agenesis of the Frontal Sinus in Turkish Individuals: A Retrospective Study Using Dental Volumetric Tomography

Binali Çakur1✉, Muhammed A. Sumbullu1, Nurhan Bayındır Durna2

1. Department of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
2. Numune Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

Abstract

Agenesis of the paranasal sinuses is an uncommon clinical condition that appears mainly in the frontal (12%) and maxillary (5-6%) sinuses; in some populations, it appears at a higher proportion. This study investigated the prevalence of agenesis of the frontal sinuses using dental volumetric tomography (DVT) in Turkish individuals. The frontal sinuses of 410 patients were examined by DVT scans in the coronal planes for evidence of the absence of the frontal sinuses. A bilateral and unilateral absence of the frontal sinuses was seen in 0.73% and 1.22% of cases, respectively. In one case, both agenesis and aplasia of the frontal sinus was seen (0.24%). The low percentage of frontal sinus agenesis must be considered during pre-surgical planning related to the sinuses. DVT may be used as a diagnostic tool for the examination of frontal sinus aplasia.

Keywords: Frontal sinus agenesis, Dental volumetric computed tomography, Paranasal Sinuses

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How to cite this article:
Çakur B, Sumbullu MA, Durna NB. Aplasia and Agenesis of the Frontal Sinus in Turkish Individuals: A Retrospective Study Using Dental Volumetric Tomography. Int J Med Sci 2011; 8(3):278-282. doi:10.7150/ijms.8.278. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v08p0278.htm