21 March 2018
Int J Med Sci 2010; 7(5):300-308. doi:10.7150/ijms.7.300
Genetic polymorphism of p53, but not GSTP1, is association with susceptibility to esophageal cancer risk - A Meta-Analysis
1. Department of Laboratory, The 82th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Huaian 223001,China;
A number of studies have evaluated two functional polymorphisms on p53 Arg72Pro and GSTP1 Ile105Val, in relation to esophageal cancer susceptibility. However, the results remain conflicting rather than conclusive. This meta-analysis on 2919 cases and 4074 controls for p53 Arg72Pro and 1885 cases and 2194 controls for GSTP1 Ile105Val from 13 published case-control studies showed that no significant general main effects for GSTP1 Ile105Val on esophageal cancer risk. However, we found that the p53 Arg72Pro was associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer ((Pro/Arg +Pro/Pro) versus Arg/Arg: OR=1.20, 95%CI=1.06-1.36) without any between-study heterogeneity.
In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, we found that the increased esophageal cancer risk associated with p53 Arg72Pro polymorphism was more evident in Asian group ((Pro/Arg +Pro/Pro) versus Arg/Arg: OR=1.35, 95%CI=1.14-1.60, P=0.09 for heterogeneity test), although we still failed to find any significant association between GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism and esophageal cancer risk in different ethnicity. These results suggest that p53 Arg72Pro polymorphism, but not GSTP1 Ile105Val, may contribute to esophageal cancer development, especially in Asian. Additional well-designed large studies were required for the validation of this association.
Keywords: p53, GSTP1, polymorphism, esophageal cancer, meta-analysis
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How to cite this article:
Zhao Y, Wang F, Shan S, Zhao Y, Qiu X, Li X, Jiao F, Wang J, Du Y. Genetic polymorphism of p53, but not GSTP1, is association with susceptibility to esophageal cancer risk - A Meta-Analysis. Int J Med Sci 2010; 7(5):300-308. doi:10.7150/ijms.7.300. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v07p0300.htm