International Journal of Medical Sciences

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Int J Med Sci 2009; 6(6):358-364. doi:10.7150/ijms.6.358

Research Paper

980 nm diode lasers in oral and facial practice: current state of the science and art

Apollonia DESIATE1, Stefania CANTORE1, Domenica TULLO1, Giovanni PROFETA2, Felice Roberto GRASSI1, Andrea BALLINI1 ✉

1. Department of Dental Sciences and Surgery, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
2. Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Unit of Dermatology, University of Bari, Italy

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 980nm diode laser for the treatment of benign facial pigmented and vascular lesions, and in oral surgery.

Materials and Methods: 20 patients were treated with a 980 nm diode laser.

Oral surgery: 5 patients (5 upper and lower frenulectomy). Fluence levels were 5-15 J/cm2; pulse lengths were 20-60 ms; spot size was 1 mm.

Vascular lesions: 10 patients (5 small angiomas, 5 telangiectases). Fluences were 6-10 J/cm2; pulse lengths were 10-50 ms; spot size was 2 mm. In all cases the areas surrounding the lesions were cooled.

Pigmented lesions: 5 patients (5 keratoses). All the lesions were evaluated by dermatoscopy before the treatment. Fluence levels were 7-15 J/cm2; pulse lengths were 20-50 ms; spot size was 1 mm.

All the patients were followed at 1, 4 and 8 weeks after the procedure.

Results: Healing in oral surgery was within 10 days. The melanoses healed completely within four weeks. All the vascular lesions healed after 15 days without any residual scarring.

Conclusions: The end results for the use of the 980 nm diode laser in oral and facial surgery appears to be justified on the grounds of efficacy and safety of the device, and good degree of acceptance by the patients, without compromising their health and function.

Keywords: 980 nm Diode Laser, pigmented lesions, vascular lesions, frenulectomy.

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How to cite this article:
DESIATE A, CANTORE S, TULLO D, PROFETA G, GRASSI FR, BALLINI A. 980 nm diode lasers in oral and facial practice: current state of the science and art. Int J Med Sci 2009; 6(6):358-364. doi:10.7150/ijms.6.358. Available from http://www.medsci.org/v06p0358.htm